Asia is each the biggest and most populated continent, with 4.5 billion folks. It’s not stunning that the Asian continent has a variety of weather conditions and varied geophysical markers, comparable to lakes, given its huge dimension. The continent additionally has many lakes with a number of origins, shapes, and sizes. In truth, Asia is house to the world’s largest lake. Lakes in Asia have normally been shaped in craters and calderas within the volcanic zones of jap Asian islands such because the Philippines and the Malay Archipelago. This text will talk about the 15 largest lakes in Asia and the place to seek out them.
The 15 Largest Lakes in Asia
15. Tonlé Sap, Cambodia
Tonlé Sap, typically referred to as the ‘Nice Lake,’ is a large lake in Cambodia‘s northwest. It’s Southeast Asia’s largest freshwater lake and one of many world’s most numerous and ample ecosystems. The lake sometimes has a floor dimension of 1,000 sq. miles (2,700 sq. kilometers). There are at the least 149 styles of fish within the lake and waterfowl comparable to spotted-billed pelicans, nice bald storks, black-bellied pelicans, Bengal bustards, and gray-headed fishing eagles, in addition to reptiles such because the endangered Siamese crocodile and a number of other freshwater snakes.
14. Khövsgöl Lake, Mongolia
Lake Khövsgöl is Mongolia‘s second-largest freshwater lake by space and the biggest by quantity. It has a most depth of 876 toes and covers an space of 1,070 sq. miles (2,760 sq. kilometers). The lake is house to 10 distinct fish species and 44 water crops. Across the lake, there are 291 species of birds, 258 of that are migratory. A few of the most well-known birds embrace the Baikal teal, the bar-headed geese, the black stork, and the Altai snowcock.
13. Dongting Lake, China
Dongting Lake, a large but shallow lake in northern Hunan province, south-central China, boasts a floor space of 1,090 sq mi (2,820 km2), making it one among Asia’s largest lakes. The lake can increase to a floor space of seven,700 sq mi throughout flood seasons. Junshan Island, situated within the lake, is understood for the finless porpoise, an endangered species. The lake was once a lot bigger 150 years in the past, however quick sedimentation and land reclamation tasks have subsequently decreased its space.
12. Poyang Lake, China
Poyang-hu, situated in Jiangxi Province, is China’s largest freshwater lake. The water stage within the Poyang flood plain fluctuates dramatically. Nonetheless, the lake’s typical dimension averages 1,240 sq mi (3,210 km2). The lake’s deepest level is 148 toes, with a mean depth of 27.5 toes. Contamination of birds comparable to swans, geese, and geese by agricultural pesticides, electrofishing, and siltation by native anglers to catch fish are the primary problems with the lake.
11. Uvs Lake, Mongolia/Russia
Uvs Lake is a severely saline lake in Mongolia’s Uvs Nuur Basin, together with a tiny portion of Russia. It’s Mongolia’s largest lake by floor space, comprising 1,290 sq. miles (3,350 km2). The lake’s salinity ranges from 3 to 35 g/l. Quite a few migratory species use the world’s reed beds and freshwater river waterways as nesting and resting grounds. Uvs Lake has the coldest, warmest, and the driest situations in comparison with different areas on the planet on the identical top.
10. Van Lake, Turkey
Van Lake is a saline soda lake mendacity within the Bitlis and Van provinces of Turkey, with 1,450 sq. miles (3,755 km2). The lake is situated close to the Iranian border within the highlands of Jap Anatolia. Due to its extreme salinity, the water is unfit for consuming or irrigation, and only some varieties of freshwater fish, comparable to Darekh, a herring species, can survive.
9. Sarygamysh Lake, Uzbekistan/Turkmenistan
The Sarygamysh Lake, which spans 1,527 sq. miles (3,955 sq. kilometers), is situated in Central Asia close to the border between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. It’s situated midway between the Caspian and Aral Seas. Nonetheless, this and a number of other different “unintended” lakes deprive the Aral Sea of round 36 cubic miles of yearly water consumption. Sarygamysh Lake’s waters are closely polluted, with huge ranges of herbicides, heavy metals, and pesticides.
8. Lake Khanka, Russia/China
Lake Khanka is situated between the Primorsky Krai space of Russia and the Heilongjiang province of Northeast China, on the China-Russia border. The pear-shaped lake is roughly 56 miles lengthy and has a most width of 28 miles, spanning 1,570 sq. miles (4,070 km2. Quite a few fish and marine invertebrate species, together with a number of native species, could be discovered within the lake. Fish species embrace pike, the Amur catfish, widespread carp, and grass carp.
7. Qinghai Lake, China
China’s largest lake, Qinghai Lake, also called Ch’inghai Lake, has a floor dimension of 1,754 sq. miles (4,543 km2). Many migrating birds use Qinghai as a stopover from Asia to Europe, feeding on the lake’s fish. The lake attracts round 10,000 birds all through the summer season months, making it a first-rate location for hen viewing. The lake’s space has modified a number of instances through the years, and it has been diminishing for almost all of the 20 th century.
6. Lake Taymyr, Russia
Lake Taymyr is situated in Russia’s Taymyr Peninsula, south of the Byrranga Mountains. With a floor dimension of 1,760 sq. miles (4,560 km2), the Russian lake is the Arctic’s largest freshwater basin. As you might count on, this lake will get exceptionally frigid. It by no means will get hotter than 46.4° Fahrenheit and averages minus 55.4° Fahrenheit. Regardless, the lake is house to varied fish species, together with sigs, muksuns, loaches, and graylings. Phytoplankton within the water is a meals supply for among the lake’s species.
5. Lake Urmia, Iran
Lake Urmia, Asia’s fifth-largest lake, is located within the western area of Iran and covers an space of two,000 sq. miles (5,200 km2). It options round 100 islands, the biggest of that are Bard and Shahi, which function resting spots for migrating birds. Because of the lack of outflows, the lake solely dries by evaporation, and it has grown exceedingly saline. It’s additionally among the many world’s largest tropical lakes. Nonetheless, the lake has receded by 60%, and there’s a critical chance that it may vanish completely, with barely 5% of the water remaining immediately.
4. Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan
Issyk-Kul Lake, situated in Kyrgyzstan, is Asia’s fourth-largest lake, with 2,408 sq mi (6,236 km2). Lake Issyk-Kul is an endorheic lake in jap Kyrgyzstan’s Northern Tian Shan mountains. It’s the world’s seventh-deepest lake, tenth-largest lake by way of quantity, and second-largest saline lake after the Caspian Sea. Within the Kyrgyz language, Issyk-Kul means “heat lake.” It is because, regardless of its elevation, the lake by no means freezes. The common temperature within the space is minus 15 levels Fahrenheit.
3. Lake Balkhash
Lake Balkhash is the world’s fifteenth largest lake and one among Asia’s largest. It’s a part of an endorheic (closed) basin in southeastern Kazakhstan, within the east of Central Asia. The lake has 6,332 sq. miles (16,400 km2), making it Kazakhstan’s largest lake. The lake’s distinctiveness originates as a result of it’s cut up in two by a small strait. Every has distinct water compositions: the western portion is just about contemporary, whereas the jap half is brackish. The lake and Lake Alakol watershed basins are house to the Balkhash perch. It has a thinner development and a lighter hue than the others, but it grows to the identical dimension because the others.
2. Lake Baikal, Russia
One of many most well-known lakes on this planet owing to its extremely deep depths, Lake Baikal can be the second-largest lake in Asia, masking a floor space of 12,248 sq. miles (31,722 km2). Lake Baikal, situated in Siberia and shaped in an historic rift valley, is the world’s largest freshwater lake, containing greater than 20% of the world’s unfrozen freshwater, much more than all the water within the Nice Lakes of North America mixed. This large and tremendously deep lake additionally occurs to have the clearest waters of any lake on the planet.
As if that wasn’t sufficient, Lake Baikal has been estimated to be 25 million years outdated, making it the world’s oldest lake. The underwater visibility of Lake Baikal is 98 to 131 toes, so in the event you sail above its waters in a ship, you’ll be able to observe the lake’s magnificent surroundings! This ecosystem includes sediment-eating plankton that retains the lake pure by consuming sediments and different minerals. The lake’s portion could be clearer if the plankton inhabitants have been larger.
This UNESCO World Heritage Website additionally has a various surroundings. The lake is house to 60 native fish species, 236 completely different hen species, 2,500 completely different mammals, 1,000 plant variations, and the Baikal seal, a freshwater seal inhabitants. The Baikal seal is the one pinniped that solely inhabits freshwater environments.
1. Caspian Sea
Though known as a sea, the Caspian Sea is definitely a lake – the most important in Asia and in the entire world, in truth! Aside from its huge floor space, the lake additionally options excessive salinity, making it even nearer to a sea than a lake. Due to its immensity, masking 143,000 sq. miles (371,000 km²), the lake has shorelines in quite a few international locations, together with Kazakhstan, Russia, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan. This lake’s water is brackish in locations and has a excessive salinity, though it’s not as unhealthy as an ocean.
Sursa articolului in engleza: The 15 Largest Lakes in Asia